Some of the most dangerous creatures on the planet are venomous snakes that inhabit different parts of the world and possess highly toxic venom that can cause severe symptoms and, in some cases, even death. Therefore, this article explores the top 10 most venomous snakes in the world, providing information on their scientific names, place of origin, habitats, and LD50 values.
Scientific name – Oxyuranus microlepidotus
The “fierce snake,” also known as the inland taipan, holds the title of the world’s most venomous snake. Its natural habitat is the semi-arid regions of Queensland, Australia, and its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.025mg/kg, which can cause human death in less than an hour.
Belcher’s Sea Snake
Scientific name – Hydrophis belcheri
The Pacific Sea Snake species inhabits the Pacific Ocean, specifically in the waters around Australia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.164mg/kg, which can cause respiratory paralysis and death in just a few hours.
Scientific name – Oxyuranus scutellatus
The Eastern Taipan, also called the Common Taipan, inhabits the coastal regions of Australia, specifically in Queensland and New South Wales. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.01mg/kg and can cause paralysis, renal failure, and bleeding. A single bite from this snake can be fatal.
Scientific name – Bungarus candidus
The Blue Krait inhabits Southeast Asia, mainly in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.108mg/kg and contains a highly potent neurotoxin that can cause respiratory failure and death.
Scientific name – Dendroaspis polylepis
The Black Mamba snake inhabits sub-Saharan Africa, mainly in the savannas and rocky hillsides of East and Southern Africa. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.01mg/kg and can cause paralysis, coma, and death.
Scientific name – Bungarus multicinctus
The Black Mamba snake lives in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in the savannas and rocky hillsides of East and Southern Africa. Its venom holds an LD50 value of 0.01mg/kg and can cause paralysis, coma, and death.
Scientific name – Naja philippinensis
The Philippine Cobra species inhabits the Philippines, specifically in the lowland forests and agricultural areas of Luzon, Mindoro, and adjacent islands. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.19mg/kg and can cause respiratory failure and death. This cobra is also known for its ability to spit venom.
Scientific name – Naja naja
The Indian Cobra is found throughout the Indian subcontinent, specifically in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.45mg/kg and can cause paralysis, respiratory failure, and death.
Scientific name – Daboia russelii
The Russell’s Viper is found in Asia, specifically in India, Southeast Asia, and southern China. Its venom possesses an LD50 value of 0.044mg/kg and can cause hemorrhaging, renal failure, and death.
Scientific name – Bothrops asper
The Fer-de-Lance snake inhabits Central and South America, mainly in Costa Rica, Panama, and northern South America. Its venom holds an LD50 value of 0.7mg/kg and can cause hemorrhaging, renal failure, and death.
In conclusion, venomous snakes are incredibly dangerous creatures, and if you come into contact with any of these species, it is best to keep your distance and seek medical attention immediately if bitten. Remember to always be aware of your surroundings and take precautions when in snake habitats. Knowledge and prevention are the keys to staying safe in the wild.